- 1 When did Phillip II reign?
- 2 What was Phillip II like?
- 3 How many times did you get married or married?
- 4 What was the great failure of King Philip II?
- 5 How was he nicknamed?
- 6 What territories did Phillip II add to those he had inherited?
- 7 How and where did Philip II die?
- 8 Where is he buried?
When did Phillip II reign?
- Phillip II was born in 1527 and died in 1598 , and became King of Spain in January 1556 .
- He ruled the country in its so-called ” Golden Age “.
- However, his reign saw the economic decline of Spain , its bankruptcy, and a disastrous decade from 1588 to 1598, which included the disaster of the Spanish Armada .
What was Phillip II like?
King Philip II considered himself a traditional man . He loved music and art. He had a wonderful collection of masterpieces in the Escorial, his palace on the outskirts of Madrid (which is said to have been built there because it was the entrance to hell).
Phillip II was a cultured man who read widely and had great knowledge in subjects such as History and Politics , although poor in languages. He was passionate about collecting rare books and works of art. He was a deeply religious man; the Escorial was a monastery.
Although the Escorial is considered the King’s palace , its rooms were Spartan and contained little furniture. It would have surprised visitors who expected to see the palace of the richest man in Europe.
How many times did you get married or married?
Philip II was married four times:
- Maria Manuela of Portugal
- Mary Tudor of England
- Elizabeth of Valois (in France) and
- Anne of Austria .
What was the great failure of King Philip II?
Perhaps Phillip’s great failure was himself ; he distrusted his own judgment and relied on the advice of others. However, he frequently distrusted the advice of his advisers, so any decisions he had to make took too long.
Why did Phillip distrust his own instincts and the advice of others? Many believe that he had a chronic lack of self-confidence.
How was he nicknamed?
Philip II of Austria (or Habsburg) has been called El Prudente
What territories did Phillip II add to those he had inherited?
After the abdication of Carlos I in 1556, Phillip inherited a great kingdom that was joined by Portugal and its Afro-Asian empire in 1580. With Phillip II (1556-1598), Spanish hegemony reached its apogee.
He was the most powerful monarch on earth at that time, in whose domains the Sun never set.
It did not add new territories, although by inheritance it receives: Naples and Sicily from 1554 and Portugal and the Algarves, from 1580. The dynastic union with Portugal, came to extend for sixty years.
How and where did Philip II die?
History says that Phillip II had delicate health . Above all, in the last ten years of his existence he suffered from gout, which left him prostrate. This disease made him lose the mobility of his right hand, which made it impossible for him to sign documents.
His situation in the last days of his life was quite tragic. He was even forbidden to take communion for fear that he might choke to death by swallowing it.
Phillip II died in the early hours of Sunday, September 13, 1598, at the stroke of five in the morning. He had been in agony for more than fifty days. He was 71 years old.
The death of Phillip II was an accumulation of circumstances of the numerous diseases that he suffered : hydrops, gout that we have already mentioned, osteoarthritis, fevers…
Where is he buried?
He is buried in the Escorial Monastery.
You will want to read:
Philip II, the tormented end of the King