Leonardo da Vinci. Vinci, Italy 1452 – Amboise, France 1519
The talent of Da Vinci was forged around the artistic movement known as the Renaissance, perhaps contributing directly to the history of art and knowledge advance faster and more certain.
The Renaissance meant leaving behind the obscurantism of the Middle Ages, the return to the classic model of Greece and Rome to reach the modern consciousness of a new, more splendorous time.
Da Vinci was the son of a peasant and a wealthy notary, who fulfilled a family tradition traced back to three generations.
Da Vinci’s studies on Leonardo
From his personal life some details are known, others have been tried to discover. the father of psychoanalysis, Sigmud Freud, wrote at the beginning of the last century a monograph “on the relation of Leonardo’s libido and his alleged homosexuality.
Freud, on the basis of the artist’s biography and his relationship with his mother (very close to her in the first years of her life and separated from her later) and comparing her with other cases, concluded that Da Vinci lived repression to be able to continue the love (extreme) that he professed towards his mother, projecting it towards himself and “takes as a model his own person, in whose likeness he chooses his new erotic objects.” For this reason, Freud, believed that Da Vinci was homosexual, serving his case to extrapolate it to others.
Leonardo da Vinci accused of sodomy
The truth is that Leonardo was accused of sodomy with three companions and one of his colleagues in the studio of Andrea De Cione, a multifaceted artist whose studio was in charge of painting, sculpture and musical instruments. a young man known in Florence for practicing prostitution.
After two judicial hearings they were acquitted for lack of evidence, although, at that time, it was considered that the accusation weighing on Leonardo and his companions could be false, propitiated by some malicious enemy, those that History wise does forget the names.
Da Vinci made his talent stand out at the Cione School, also known as Verrocchio (True Eye).
Leonardo not only surprised his artistic prowess with painting, but also noted for his “beautiful appearance, his strong body, his physical grace and his ability to sing with the lyre”, as chronicles written by those who knew him. In Florence, where he developed his first studies, it liked to draw the attention.
Apparently Da Vinci used to walk in brightly colored costumes or dress robes, clothing typical of the time, shorter than normal.
They also tell him that, from time to time, it was their custom to buy caged birds and then release them and give them back their freedom.
Da Vinci always showed ambiguous aspects in his personality.
As if living with intensity the narrow difference that separates fear and desire.
Perhaps for that reason, his first drawings represented deformed faces of real people that he encountered in his walks in Florence, but which attracted his attention because of the very repulsion that generated him.
Similarly, when he began his anatomical studies at the Maria Nuova Hospital, he found a contradiction between the horror of death (and the poor preservation of bodies due to the lack of conditions) and the need for research, which was what it really pushed him.
The first complete dissection of a human body
Da Vinci is considered as the first man who dissected a body through the surface layers. His anatomical studies are still considered a prodigy of precision and accuracy.
Da Vinci did not stop at the study of painting or anatomy.
He studied geometry, the mechanics of the flight of birds, outlining models of flying machines, for their purpose was to get the man to fly.
He also studied botany, even devised military devices (which were never built), but which on paper was machinery capable of making the armies unbeatable.
Many have seen in these schemes the outline of modern tanks or the use of poison gas.
Da Vinci, little saver
They tell the chronicles that Da Vinci, always under the protection of great patrons, lived to the limit of his income.
He began many commissions to maintain his train of life, while studying architecture, astronomy or stopped in the study of the division of rivers or drainage of marshes.
In the more than 4000 surviving manuscripts of his production, mysterious notes have also been found, since they can only be read by placing them in front of a mirror.
It is not considered that Da Vinci was interested in hiding his investigations, although no explanation has been determined either.
As a multidisciplinary genius, Da Vinci will always be remembered for his enigmatic painting “La Gioconda”.
His favorite work (he always took it with him on his travels) and the most famous portrait of history. In it he used the “sfumato” and the chiaroscuro, two techniques of which he was precursor.
Another creation of Leonardo Da Vinci, the Sfumato, what Instagram does with your photos
The mysterious smile of Mona Lisa is a sample of sfumato. Technique that eliminates the contours of the lines, which appear blurred in a kind of evocative fog that catches the viewer.